Meeting the sea's inhabitants on the Black Sea is not an easy task, but the jellyfish on the shore or the synchronous swimming of dolphins in the morning will not really escape the observant eye.
The Black Sea basin contains about 2,500 species of living organisms, which are relatively small in size. The main reason for this is hydrogen sulfide, which leaves indigenous organisms no chance of survival. Despite such conditions, many interesting animals have managed to adapt to the environment and become part of our marine biodiversity.
Here are some of the most important creatures that make Black Sea fauna special:
1) Shark (Squalus acanthias)
While you are at sea, you may have wondered why we do not find the kind of sharks that often attack sea visitors like in movies. Compared to other sharks, it is much smaller and timider, so it is not found on the shore and lives in the middle of the sea. It is true that Spiny dogfish is not a threat to humans, but we do pose a threat to it. One of the painkillers is made from its liver, which makes the Spiny dogfish
more likely to be hunted. For this reason, it is on the list of precautionary animals.
2) Sea Dragon (Trachinus)
The sea dragon is one of the most dangerous fish in the Black Sea. Generally, you will not encounter this fish while swimming or fishing. On the other hand, this dangerous fish has killed many and its bite is very painful. It is often the case that sailors in the middle of the sea catch this fish and its tail pierce through their body. Divers, explorers and fishermen are often recommended not to work with their bare hands, as protecting yourself from the bite of a sea dragon is not so easy if you are not careful.
3) Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser sturio)
The Atlantic sturgeon has long been included in the Georgian Red Book and is considered to be one of the most dangerous species. This rarest species has survived only on the territory of Georgia, although it periodically appears in the pools of our neighboring countries.
In addition to fish, mammals also live in our sea. In addition to the two species of dolphins, porpoises and seals are native to the Black Sea. In the twentieth century, about 10,000 tons of mammals were caught in the Black Sea. It is true that the hunting of mammals was banned after 1966, but poachers still continued to operate despite this.
At the end of the blog, we want to underline the existance of jellyfish that occupy most of the Black Sea biomass. Despite their abundance, we do not find a diversity of species in the Black Sea. There are basically two species of jellyfish living here. Aurelia (Aurelia aurita) or barrel jellyfish (Rhizostoma Pulmo) can be found near the coast. Aurelia is harmless while the barrel jellyfish is stinging, although it should be noted that it may be more painful than that of the nettle.
October 31 is International Black Sea Day, the purpose of which is to highlight the problems of the Black Sea and think of ways to eliminate them. We are sure that the Black Sea will once again become a source of inspiration for artists. Before that, we want to understand the importance of the Black Sea, how much damage we do to it and the organisms living there.